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The groups of Corinna Dawid, Caroline Gutjahr and Martin Parniske wrote a review highlighting the literature known primary and secondary metabolites in Lotus japonicus.

Primary and Secondary Metabolites in Lotus japonicus.

Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 71, 30, 11277–11303. doi: 10.1021/acs.jafc.3c02709

Josef L. Ranner, Sabrina Schalk, Cindy Martyniak, Martin Parniske, Caroline Gutjahr, Timo D. Stark, and Corinna Dawid (2023).

Lotus japonicus is a leguminous model plant used to gain insight into plant physiology, stress response, and especially symbiotic plant–microbe interactions, such as root nodule symbiosis or arbuscular mycorrhiza. Responses to changing environmental conditions, stress, microbes, or insect pests are generally accompanied by changes in primary and secondary metabolism to account for physiological needs or to produce defensive or signaling compounds. Here we provide an overview of the primary and secondary metabolites identified in L. japonicus to date. Identification of the metabolites is mainly based on mass spectral tags (MSTs) obtained by gas chromatography linked with tandem mass spectrometry (GC–MS/MS) or liquid chromatography–MS/MS (LC–MS/MS). These MSTs contain retention index and mass spectral information, which are compared to databases with MSTs of authentic standards. More than 600 metabolites are grouped into compound classes such as polyphenols, carbohydrates, organic acids and phosphates, lipids, amino acids, nitrogenous compounds, phytohormones, and additional defense compounds. Their physiological effects are briefly discussed, and the detection methods are explained. This review of the exisiting literature on L. japonicus metabolites provides a valuable basis for future metabolomics studies.